星力打鱼平台

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                                学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 历史论文 > 文物保护论文

                                博物馆临展工作中的文物保护方案分析

                                时间:2019-02-10 来源:文物鉴定与鉴赏 作者:霍尘扬 本文字数:3324字

                                  摘    要: 博物馆属于一类文博机构,馆内收藏了很多文物,因为临展需要,文物通常情况下会流动于各个文博机构之间。文物借出和文物运输以及现场展览等过程中,全面保护文物安全显得尤为重要,这也是文物临展工作的原则和底线。文章从实际角度出发,对如何做好博物馆临展中的文物保护工作进行详细分析和阐述,希望为各类文博机构文物保护水平的提升提供相应合理化建议。

                                  关键词: 博物馆; 临展; 文物保护;

                                  ZAIGUANJIJIAOLIUSHIJIANHUODONGZHONG,ZUIWEICHANGJIANDEBIANSHIWENWULINZHAN,TABAOHANLESHUANGFANGHEZUOYIXIANGTONGYIHEXIANCHANGKAOCHAPINGGUYIJIHEZUOXIZETAOLUN、QIANSHU,LINGWAIHAIHUISHEJIWENWUJIEZHANCAOZUOLIUCHENGDENG。CONGBOWUGUANWENWUSHUXINGJIAODUJINXINGFENXI,WENWUDEJIAZHIBUKEYONGJINQIANQUHENGLIANG。ZONGGUANXIANZHUANG,HENDUOGONGZUORENYUANMEIYOUXINGCHENGZHENGGUIHUAWENWUANQUANBAOHUSIXIANGYUYISHI,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGHUSHILEWENWUANQUANWENTI,LINZHANJIEDUANNEISHENZHIHUICHUXIANWENWUSUNHUAIDEQINGKUANG,ZHEIBIANJIBOWUGUANHEGUOJIADAILAILEWUFAGULIANGDESUNSHI。JIYUSHANGSHUSUOYAN,WOMENBIXUYAOZUOHAOBOWUGUANLINZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEWENWUBAOHUGONGZUO,ZAIBAOZHANGWENWUANQUANDETONGSHITUIDONGLINZHANGONGZUOSHUNLIJINXING。

                                  1、 博物馆临时展览文物保护的意义分析

                                  SHEHUIZAIFAZHAN,SHIDAIZAIJINBU,DANGQIANBOWUGUANSHIYEFAZHANKEWEIFENGSHENGSHUIQI,WENWUZHANSHIFANGSHI、FANGFADUOZHONGDUOYANG。WEILEDACHENGWENHUAZIYUANGONGXIANGQIEPUJIQUYUWENHUA,SHIQUYUYINGXIANGLIHEXIYINLISHUANGXIANGTISHENG,GUANJIJIAOLIUJIUHENYOUBIYAO,WENWULINZHANHUODONGBIANCHENGLEZHUYAOWENHUAXUANCHUANLUJING。BOWUGUANZAIJINXINGWENWUZHANSHISHI,TONGCHANGYICHENLIEFANGSHIWEIZHU,ZHANLANGUOCHENGZHONGGENJUWENWUDESHIDAI、LISHIXIANSUODENG,JIANGGEGELISHIHUAMIANYUYIHENGXIANGCHENLIE。YUCITONGSHI,YEKEJINXINGZHUANTIXINGWENWUCHENLIE,ZHANLANXINGSHIHEZHANLANNEIRONGFANGSHIYOUZHEDUOYANGHUADETEDIAN,HEXINMUBIAOBIANSHIXIYINYOUKECANGUAN。ZAIZHANLANWENWUXUANZEFANGMIAN,WENWUYAOJUBEIYIDINGDELISHITEDIANQIEPINXIANGYOULIANG,ERQIEHAIYAOYONGYOUHENQIANGDEDAIBIAOXING。YOUYUWENWUZHANLANSHIJIANHENZHANG,DANGWENWUCHUKUHOURUGUOMEIYOUJINXINGTUOSHANDEBAOGUAN,ZAIZIRANYINSUHERENWEIYINSUDESHUANGZHONGYINGXIANGXIA,WENWUHENKENENGHUICHUXIANBUTONGCHENGDUDESUNHUAI,ERZHEISUODAILAIDESUNSHISHISHIFENJUDADE。WENWUJUYOUBUKEZAISHENGXING,BOWUGUANZAIWENWULINZHANJIEDUANDUIWENWUJINXINGKEXUEGUANLIYUHELIBAOHUSHENSHIZHONGYAO。

                                  2、 博物馆临展工作中的各种问题剖析

                                  2.1、 工作人员的文物安全意识薄弱

                                星力打鱼平台   SHAOBUFENRENRENWEIBOWUGUANWENWUGUIGUOJIASUOYOU,ZAIWAIJIEHELINZHANSHIBUGUOSHIJIANGWENWUTENGNUODAOLELINGYICHUERYI,MEIYOUBIYAOTAIGUOZHONGSHI。HENXIANRAN,ZHEIZHONGLIJIESHIJIQICUOWUDE,YIDANMENGSHENGZHEIZHONGCUOWUXIANGFA,WENWUJIEZHANHETONGHUIPUBIANLIUYUXINGSHI,LINZHANZHIQIANCAOCAOQIANSHUXIEYI,YINGFULESHI。

                                  2.2、 碍于人情世故

                                  GUANGYIERYAN,WENWUJIEZHANTONGCHANGDOUSHICHUYUSHUANGFANGWENWUJIAOLIUYIYUANERJINXINGDE,DANSHIBUFENRENYUANQUERENWEIRUOSHIQIANDINGXIEYIDEHUA,JIUHUIYOUTAIDUOTIAOLIXIANZHI,DUIBICIDOUHUIZAOCHENGHENDAYUESHU,LVEXIANJIAOTIAO。ZAIZHEIYANGDECUOWULIJIEXIA,RUOSHICHUXIANWENWUSUNHUAIWENTI,ZENANYIJINXINGZHUIZE,ZUIZHONGHUICHANSHENGHENDUOMAODUNHEJIUFEN,ZUIZHONGBIRANYIBUYUKUAIERSHOUCHANG。

                                  2.3、 对文物安全的不重视

                                  借出双方机构内部制度存在漏洞且有待完善,各部门和人员之间的思想尚未达成一致。对于很多博物馆而言,临展文物输出通常由陈列展示部全权负责,但是文物安全工作却要由文物保管部门来执行,若在借展阶段内出现文物损坏情况,那么文物就要运输到文物修复部门进行紧急处理和修复。需要注意的是,陈列展示部门过多地将关注点放在年度计划完成上,文物按照规定时间进行输出和展览以及撤回就算完成任务了。当文物出库时,保管部门因为工作界面限制因素存在,很少会去进行后续的跟踪,此时文物保护修复部门也会受到工作权限影响和制度条文约束,认为临展文物不出现问题就算“万事大吉”了。所以,没有统一管理制度做支撑,以上几个部门都是“各自为政”,没有完备、严谨的合同进行各方约束,博物馆临展文物安全保护就会变得举步维艰。
                                 

                                博物馆临展工作中的文物保护方案分析
                                 

                                  3、 博物馆临展工作中的文物保护方案分析

                                  3.1、 转变思想

                                星力打鱼平台   WENWUANQUANSHIBUFENDENGJIDE,WULUNCHUZAINAYIBUMENDEGONGZUORENYUAN,JUNYAOLEJIEDAOWENWUANQUANDEYIYIHEZHONGYAOXING,DUIMEIJIANWENWUZANGPINDOUYAOXINCUNJINGWEI。WENWUANQUANYISHOUDAOGUOJIAHEZHENGFUDEGAODUZHONGSHI,WENWUANQUANSHIWENWUBAOHUGONGZUODEDIXIANHESHENGMINGXIAN,GEGECHENGSHI、XIANGZHENDIQUDENGDOUYAOWEIWENWUBAOHUGONGZUOGONGXIANCHUZIJIDELILIANG。SHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGMINGQUEBIAOMINGYAOJIADADANGQIANWENWUBAOHU、LIYONGDELIDU,ZUOHAOWENWUYICHANBAOHUCHUANCHENGGONGZUO。BOWUGUANWENWUBAOHURENYUANXUYAOXUEXIYOUGUANWENWUBAOHUDEFALVZHISHI,ZHENZHENGLEJIEWENWUANQUANDUIBOWUGUANFAZHANHEGUOJIASHEHUIFAZHANSUOQIDAODESHIJIZUOYONG,YUCITONGSHI,HAIYAOXINGCHENGWENWUBAOHUZERENXINHESHIMINGGAN,SHULIZHENGQUEGUANNIAN,JIANGBAOHUYISHISHENTOUZAIGELEIWENWUZHANLAN、WENWUXIUFU、WENWUBAOGUANDENGHUANJIEZHONG。

                                  3.2、 主动介入

                                星力打鱼平台   WENWUANQUANBAOHUGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANGGUANGONGZUORENYUANWUBIYAOJUBEIZHUDONGJIERUYISHI。GUANYUYUFANGQUDAO,SHENWEIJICENGWENWUBAOHUGONGZUORENYUAN,YAOYANGEANZHAOWENWUJUGUIFANBIAOZHUNXINGSHI,JIJILUOSHIDUOYUANHUABAOHUSHOUDUAN,YOUQISHIZHENDUINEIXIEYISHOUSUN、YIBEIFUSHIDEWENWU,DOUYAODALIZHONGSHIQILAI,JIEZHUXIANJINKEJI,ZUIDAXIANDUSHANGBAOZHANGWENWUWANZHENGXING,FANGZHIWENWUBINGHAIDECHUXIAN,JIECHUWENWUBINGTAI、FANGZHIMANYANCHUANRAN。HAIYOUJIUSHIYAOBUDUANXUEXIXIANJINDEWENWUBAOHUZHISHIHEJINENG,JIEJIANGUONEIWAIYOUXIUWENWUBAOHUGONGZUOJINGYAN,JINGZHUNSHIBIEWENWUSUNSHANGCHENGDUHEJIBIELEIXING,YIKEXUEYANJINDETAIDULAIDUIDAIWENWUBAOHUXIUFUGONGZUO,YIMANZUSHIJIGONGZUOXUQIU。ZHIYOURUCIFANGKEWENBUTISHENGWENWUBAOHUGONGZUOZHILIANGHESHUIPING,SHIWENWUBAOCHIYUANMAO。

                                  3.3、 发挥合同作用

                                星力打鱼平台   WENWUWAIJIEZHIQIAN,CHUJIEFANGDEGONGZUORENYUANXUYAODUILINZHANHUANJINGHEXIANGGUANRENYUANDEJISHUSHUIPINGYIJICHANGDISHEBEIDENGJINXINGSHIDIKAOCHA,WEIYOUXINZHONGYOUSHUCAINENGFANGXINWAIJIE。SHUANGFANGXUYAOQIANSHUZHENGGUIHETONG,HETONGBIXUYAOJUBEIGUIFANHUAHEYOUXIAOXINGTEDIAN。LINZHANHUODONGKAISHIHOU,SHUANGFANGYAOSHEZHIGUDINGRENYUANZUOHAOXIANCHANGXUNSHIJIANDUGONGZUO,PEIBEIHAOWULIANWANGYUANCHENGJIANKONGSHEBEI,BAOZHENGLINZHANXIANCHANGANQUAN。HETONGSHANGYAOMINGQUEHAOZHANPINMULU、JIECHUSHIJIAN、ZHANCHUTIAOJIANYUEDING、WENWUBAOZHUANGHEYUNSHUYIJIYAYUNDENGFEIYONG、WENWUDIANJIAOXIZE、SHUANGFANGQUANZEGUISHU、YIWAIQINGKUANGCHUXIANSHIDETIAOKUAN、ZHISHICHANQUANYUEDING、ZHENGYICHULIBANFADENG,SHANGSHUNEIRONGJUNYAOZAIHETONGSHANGBIAOMING,ZHIYOURUCICAINENGFAHUICHUHETONGFALVXIAOLIHEZUOYONG,WEIWENWUANQUANBAOJIAHUHANG。

                                  3.4、 具体保护方法

                                星力打鱼平台   SHOUXIANSHIWENWUBAOZHUANGHEYUNSHUGUOCHENGZHONGDEBAOHUGONGZUO。WENWUYOUZHEBUKEZAISHENGXINGTEDIAN,WENWUANQUANYIZHIDOUBEISHEHUIGEJIEGUANGFANGUANZHU。WENWUBANYUNHEYUNSHUGUOCHENGZHONGZUIRONGYISHOUSUN,BOWUGUANWENWULINZHANHEGUANNEIWENWUZHANCHUCUNZAIHENDACHAYI,BUJINYAOJIANGCHANGGUIWENWUJINXINGCHUKUHEBUZHAN,ZAIZHANGSHIJIANDEYUNSHUXIA,YINGXIANGWENWUANQUANDEYINSUYEHUIBUDUANZENGJIA,CISHIBOWUGUANLINZHANWENWUGONGZUOJIUYAOJIANGBAOZHUANGHEBANYUNGONGZUOZHONGSHIQILAI。YINGANZHAOWENWUXINGZHUANGJINXINGWENWUSHOUZANGNANGZHIZUO,DUIMEIGEZANGNANGYUYIBIAOJI,BAOZHANGGONGZUORENYUANKEYIKUAISUDINGWEIZHANPINWEIZHI,FANGZHIFANFUCHAZHAOZHUANGKUANGCHUXIAN;DUIMEIJIANWENWUDOUYAOJINXINGDUOCIRUANBAO,RANHOUFANGRUDAOZANGXIANGNEI,ZUIHOUZAIFANGZHIZAIZHUANYUNXIANGDUIYINGWEIZHISHANG,ANZHAOWENWUTEXINGSHANGQINGXIAZHONG,MEIGEZHUANYUNXIANGYEYAOXIANGYINGZUOHAOBIAOJI,JIANGWENWULAOGU、JINGZHUNDIXIANGQIANZAIZHUANYUNXIANGTIZHONG,FANGZHIBANYUNJIEDUANYINWEIHUANGDONGERSHOUSUN;CHAIFENGSHIYIDINGYAOBAOZHENGANQUAN,YOUXUJINXINGCHAIFENG,ZUNXUNQINGNAQINGFANGDEYUANZE;BAOZHUANGXIANGYIDINGYAOJIANGULAOKAO,JUBEIFANGCHAOHEFANGZHENXIAOGUO,WENWUBAOZHUANGRUXIANGHOUSHIYONGFENGTIAODAKOU,MEIYOUWANCHENGJIAOJIEZHIQIANQIEWUDAKAI;WENWUYUNSHUSHIYIDINGYAOXUANZEZHENGGUIYUNSHUDANWEI,YOUZHUANRENYAYUN。

                                  QICISHIWENWUQINGDIANHEJIAOJIEYIJIBUZHIGONGZUO。WENWUQINGDIANHEJIAOJIEGONGZUOSHIBOWUGUANLINZHANZHONGZUIWEIZHONGYAODEYIHUAN,WENWUDIDAXIANCHANGHOU,SUIHOUJINXINGLINZHANWENWUCHAIFENGHEBUZHAN,QUANCHENGYAOYOUTIGONGWAIZHANDEBOWUGUANZHUANYERENYUANLAIZHIXING,DUIJIEBOWUGUANDEGONGZUORENYUANCISHIYAOJINXINGZHANBANZHUANGDINGHEGONGJUPEIBEIYIJIZHANJIA、ZHANTAIBUZHIDENG。DANGBUZHANGONGZUOJIESHUHOU,GENJUBOWUGUANLINZHANXUQIUJIANGWENWUFANGRUZHANJUDANGZHONG,DAIFUZERENQIANSHUWANHETONGHOUJINXINGWENWUDIANJIAO。LINGWAI,YINWEICHANGDIBUZHIDEYINGXIANG,RUGUOWENWUGUIGEHEZHANJUGUIGEBUPIPEI,YAOZAISHUANGFANGLINGDAOTONGYIDEQIANTIXIAJINXINGZAICIDABAOFENGCUN,HESUODUIJIEDEGONGZUORENYUANJINXINGRUKUSHOUXUBANLI,JIANGZHEIXIEWENWUFANGZHIZAIKUFANGNEIJINGXINBAOGUAN。ZHANTINGANQUANHEZHANJUANQUANYAOYOUDUIJIEBOWUGUANQUANQUANFUZE,JIASHEYUDAOTUFAQINGKUANG,YINGGAIJISHIHEWAIZHANBOWUGUANQUDELIANXI,JINXINGJIJIDEGOUTONGHEJIAOLIU。

                                  4、 结束语

                                星力打鱼平台   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,BOWUGUANLINZHANWENWUANQUANBAOHUGONGZUOSUOSHENEIRONGFANDUO,MEIYIGEXIJIEDOUYAOZUODAOWEI。WENWUANQUANBAOHUGONGZUOHENSHIFANZA,WENWUBAOHURENYUANYIDINGYAOYOUZERENXINHESHIMINGGAN,YAOBUDUANXUEXIXIANJINZHISHI,SHULIWENWUBAOHUYISHI,TISHENGBENTIGONGZUOJIJIXINGHEZHUDONGXING,CONGDUOGEFANGMIANBAOZHANGWENWUANQUAN,CONGERCUJINBOWUGUANLINZHANGONGZUOYOUTIAOBUWENDIJINXING。

                                  参考文献

                                  [1]张美东.简析加强县级博物馆文物保护利用——以林口县博物馆遗存文物为例[J].边疆经济与文化,2017(7):117-118.
                                  [2] 胡玉花,张晓英.国内先进博物馆文物保护调研经验对我院藏品保护的借鉴[J].群文天地,2016(1):98-100.
                                  [3]张德华.文物生命守护者的“匠心”——记全国“工人先锋号”、首都博物馆文物保护修复中心[J].工会信息,2016(17):11-13.
                                星力打鱼平台   [4]董捷.论博物馆纸质类文物保护修复队伍的建设——以宁波市天一阁博物馆为例[J].文物鉴定与鉴赏,2017(1).

                                  霍尘扬.谈如何做好博物馆临展工作中的文物保护[J].文物鉴定与鉴赏,2019(24):130-131.
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