星力打鱼平台

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            贫困乡镇年轻公务员焦虑问题、成因及解决机制

            时间:2019-02-12 来源:山东青年政治学院学报 作者:房建 本文字数:8398字

              摘    要: 以贫困地区安徽省宿州市百个乡镇千余名青年公务员为调查样本,依据斯隆和库柏等OSI模型设计焦虑调查问卷。采用SPSS 17.0对问卷数据进行统计分析,94.9%的贫困地区乡镇青年公务员对源起工作、制度和生活等压力产生程度不同的焦虑。基于凯利和琼斯等社会焦虑归因理论的学理分析认为:焦虑源于内在的个人思想因素和外在组织制度、组织体制和组织环境因素。从组织视阈下纾解青年公务员焦虑困境,亟待创新建立“选准、培优、管好、用活”的支持机制,既是实现乡村一线培养锻炼青年公务员的长远目标,也是纾解青年公务员工作生活思想等方面焦虑困境的有效策略。

              关键词: 贫困地区; 乡镇青年公务员; 焦虑困境; 纾解机制;

              Abstract:星力打鱼平台 Based on OSI models such as Sloan and Cooper,more than 1000 young civil servants from hundreds of townships in the poor area were used as a sample to design anxiety questionnaires. Using SPSS 17.0 to measure and analyze the questionnaire data,94.9 % of young township civil servants in poor areas have different degrees of anxiety due to pressure such as the idea of starting work life. The theoretical analysis of attribution theories such as Kelley and Jones believes. Anxiety originates from the internal individual thought factor and external organization system,organization system and organization environment factor. To solve the anxiety dilemma of young civil servants from the perspective of organization,we need to create new support mechanisms for “selecting and cultivating selected young civil servants,training them,managing them well and using them”.which is the long-term goal for training and training young civil servants on the rural front. It is also an effective strategy to relieve the anxiety dilemma in the work and life thoughts of young civil servants.

              Keyword:星力打鱼平台 poor areas; youth civil servants in townships; anxiety dilemma; relieve mechanism;

              PINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANSHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGDEZHONGYAOZHICHENG,SHIFUPINGONGJIANDEGUGANDUIWU,GENGSHIDANGZHIZHENGXINGGUODEHOUBEILILIANG。TAMENGONGZUOZAI“DATONGZUIHOUYIGONGLI”DEYIXIAN,GONGZUOYALI、ZHIDUYALIHESHENGHUOYALIJUDA,JIAOLVWENTITUCHU。JIAOLV(anxiety)SHIYIZHONGBANSUIZHEMOUZHONGBUXIANGYUGANERCHANSHENGDELINGRENBUYUKUAIDEQINGXU,BAOHANYOUJINZHANG、BUAN、JUPA、FENNU、FANZAO、YAYIDENGQINGXUTIYAN。[1]JIAOLVCHIXULEIJIJIYIYANHUACHENGXINLIHEQINGXUSHANGDEFUMIANXIAOYING[2],HUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGRENDESHENXINJIANKANG、GONGZUOQINGXU、GONGZUOXIAONENG,SHENZHIHUINIANGCHENGGERENHEJIATINGDEBEIJU。[3]CONGLILUNSHIYUJIANSHUJIAOLVCHENGYIN:YISHIGUIYINLILUN,KAILI(Kelley)HEQIONGSI(Jones)、HAIDE(Head)、WEINA(Weiner)DENGDEGUANDIANGUINAWEINEIZAIGERENYINSUHEWAIZAICIJIYINSU。[4]BUTONGDEGUIYINJIANGYINQIQINGNIANGONGWUYUANCHENGDUBUTONGDEJIAOLV。ERSHISHEHUIZHICHILILUN,WEIBOSITE(Raschke)、PADISEN(Pattison)HEKUTUONA(Cutrona)DENGGUANDIANGUINAWEIDANGGETICHUYUKUNJINGSHI,JIESHOULAIZITARENDEGUANXINHEZHICHIDEGANSHOUHEFANKUI,NENGGOUWEIHUHEBAOCHIXINLIDEJIANKANG。[5]SANSHIGETIYUHUANJINGPIPEILILUN,KUBO(Cooper)DENGDEGUANDIANGUINAWEIDANGGETIDEZHUGUANDONGJIHUOYUANWANGYUKEGUANHUANJINGSUOTIGONGDEMANZU(GONGZI、DAIYU、DIWEIDENG)CHANSHENGMAODUNSHIHUIZAOCHENGGETIDEXINLIJIAOLV,LIANGZHEBUXIANGPIPEIDUYUEDA,GETIJIAOLVQINGXUYUEDA。[6]JIAOLVLILUNWEIBENKETISHENDUYANJIUPINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJIAOLVKUNJINGTEZHENG、TOUSHIJIAOLVYOUYIN、YOUXIAOSHUJIEJIAOLVTIGONGLESHIJIAOHELILUNZHICHENG。

              一、贫困地区乡镇青年公务员焦虑困境的主要特征

              宿州市地处苏鲁豫皖交界的黄淮平原,所辖县区均为扶贫开发工作重点县区。全市百个乡镇中共有2616名乡镇公务员,其中37岁及以下1005名(男性558名、女性447名),占总数的38.42%。课题组通过组织部门向37岁及以下青年公务员发放1005份调查问卷,回收有效问卷943份,有效问卷回收率93.8%。调查问卷依据斯隆和库柏等OSI模型(Occupational Stress Indicator,工作压力指标体系)设计焦虑变量。构建三个主成分变量(工作、生活、思想)和15项因子变量的焦虑指标体系,以5级评分(4分=重度焦虑、3分=中度焦虑、2分=轻度焦虑、1分=微度焦虑、0分=没有焦虑。用焦虑强度描述焦虑主体焦虑程度的心理变量)计量乡镇青年公务员焦虑程度。统计采用SPSS17.0软件计量包对有效问卷数据进行描述性分析处理。
             

            贫困乡镇年轻公务员焦虑问题、成因及解决机制
             

              (一)工作状况与焦虑困境特征

              CONGBIAO1KEYIKANDAOGONGZUOZHUANGKUANGYUJIAOLVKUNJINGDEWUGEKONGJIANWEIDUDUIJIHUAXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJIAOLVCHENGDUDETONGJIJUNZHIPAIXUJIEGUOSHI:GONGZUORENWUFANZHONG(JUNZHIWEI3.47),GONGZUOJIABANAOYE(JUNZHIWEI3.44),GONGZUODUANLIANKONGDONG(JUNZHIWEI3.12),GONGZUOTIAOJIANCHA(JUNZHIWEI2.66),GONGZUOJINENGQUEFA(JUNZHIWEI2.63)。GONGZUOJIAOLVCHENGDUDEJUHE(CLUSTER)XIAODUJUNZHI,QIANSANXIANGFENZHIJUNCHAO3,QIZHONG“GONGZUORENWUFANZHONG”JUNZHIZUIGAO,QISHUZHIYUGONGZUOJIAOLVKUNJINGZHENGXIANGGUAN,SHIGONGZUOJIAOLVKUNJINGZHONGDIYIZHONGDUJIAOLVYUAN。

              表1 工作焦虑困境五个维度的描述性统计结果
            表1 工作焦虑困境五个维度的描述性统计结果

              (二)生活状况与焦虑困境特征

              CONGBIAO2KEYIKANDAOSHENGHUOZHUANGKUANGYUJIAOLVKUNJINGDEWUGEKONGJIANWEIDUDUIJIHUAXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJIAOLVCHENGDUDETONGJIJUNZHIPAIXUJIEGUOSHI:GONGZIDAIYUDI(JUNZHIWEI3.46),SHENGHUOHUANJINGCHA(JUNZHIWEI3.36),SHENGHUOJIAOTONGBUBIAN(JUNZHIWEI2.81),ZHAODUIXIANGNAN(JUNZHIWEI1.96),ZHAOGUBULEJIATING(JUNZHIWEI1.86)。SHENGHUOJIAOLVCHENGDUDEJUHEXIAODUJUNZHI,QIANLIANGXIANGFENZHIJUNCHAO3,QIZHONG“SHOURUDI”JUNZHIZUIGAO,QISHUZHIYUSHENGHUOJIAOLVKUNJINGZHENGXIANGGUAN,SHISHENGHUOJIAOLVKUNJINGZHONGDIYIZHONGDUJIAOLVYUAN。

              表2 生活焦虑困境五个维度的描述性统计结果
            表2 生活焦虑困境五个维度的描述性统计结果

              (三)思想状况与焦虑困境特征

              CONGBIAO3KEYIKANDAOSIXIANGZHUANGKUANGYUJIAOLVKUNJINGDEWUGEKONGJIANWEIDUDUIJIHUAXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJIAOLVCHENGDUDETONGJIJUNZHIPAIXUJIEGUOSHI:ZHIWUJINSHENGNAN(JUNZHIWEI3.51),RENJIGUANXIFUZA(JUNZHIWEI3.46),KANBUJIANCHULU(JUNZHIWEI3.07),RENXINSIZOU(JUNZHIWEI2.68),DIEDIEBUXIUBAOYUAN(JUNZHIWEI1.60)。SIXIANGJIAOLVCHENGDUDEJUHEXIAODUJUNZHI,YOUSANXIANGFENZHIJUNCHAO3,QIZHONG“ZHIWUJINSHENGNAN”JUNZHIZUIGAO,QISHUZHIYUSIXIANGJIAOLVKUNJINGZHENGXIANGGUAN,SHISIXIANGJIAOLVKUNJINGZHONGDIYIZHONGDUJIAOLVYUAN。

              表3 思想焦虑困境五个维度的描述性统计结果
            表3 思想焦虑困境五个维度的描述性统计结果

              TONGGUODUIXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANGONGZUOJIAOLV、SHENGHUOJIAOLVHESIXIANGJIAOLVDENGZHUCHENGFENBIANLIANGJIYINZIBIANLIANGDEJUNZHIHEBIAOZHUNPIANCHAZHIJINXINGMIAOSHUXINGTONGJIFENXI,FAXIANZHIWUJINSHENGNAN(Mean=3.51)、GONGZUORENWUFANZHONG(Mean=3.47)HEGONGZIDAIYUDI(Mean=3.46)SHIPINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANQUNTIDEZHONGDUJIAOLVYUAN,CIJIELUNYUDIAOYANSHIDEYUYANPANJIBENXIANGTONG。

              二、贫困地区乡镇青年公务员焦虑困境的透视分析

              ZUZHISHIJIAOSHENSHIPINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANGONGZUO、SHENGHUOHESIXIANGZHUANGKUANGYINFADEJIAOLVKUNJINGJILIANGJIEGUO,JIYUKAILIHEQIONGSI、HAIDEDESHEHUIXINLIJIAOLVDEGUIYINLILUNXUELIFENXI。JIAOLVQIYUANYUNEIZAIDEGERENSIXIANGYINSUHEWAIZAIDEZUZHITIZHI、ZUZHIZHIDU、ZUZHIHUANJINGYINSU。

              (一)个人思想因素

              DIYI,RUZHIDONGJIHENDACHENGDUSHANGZHESHECHUQINGNIANGONGWUYUANDELIXIANGXINNIANWENTI。DUIYU“JINRUGONGWUYUANDUIWUDEZUIZHUYAOYUANYIN”,35.21%DESHOUFANGDUIXIANGXUANZE“RENSHENGLIXIANG”,DUIYU“WEILAIJUEDINGNISHIFOULIUZAIXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANDUIWUDEZUIZHUYAOYINSU”,JINYOU27.5%DESHOUFANGDUIXIANGXUANZE“RENSHENGLIXIANG”。QINGNIANRENZHIYEXUANZEKESUXINGQIANG、QIWANGZHIGAO,BAOKAOXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANSHIDEJIAZHIQUXIANG,CHUZHONGBUSHIFENGXIANXIANGZHEN、ZHAGENXIANGCUN,ERSHIJIANGQIDANGCHENGRENSHENG“TIAOBAN”JI“YUHUIJINRU”XIANYISHANGDANGZHENGJIGUANDEJIEJING。

              DIER,LIXIANGYUXIANSHIHUANJINGDEJUDALUOCHA。RUZHIQIANDEJIQINGANGYANG,RUZHIHOUYINWEI“LIXIANGYUXIANSHIHUANJING”DEJUDALUOCHA,SIXIANGYOUSHOUCUOGAN。37%DESHOUFANGDUIXIANGRENWEI,SUOSHICHANSHENYUDANGCHULIXIANGZHIXIANGBAOFUXIANGQUSHENYUAN,HUICHANSHENGDUIXIANSHIHUANJINGBUMANERWUNAIDEJIAOLV。[1]

              SANSHIZHIYERONGYUGANYURENTONGDUDI。SHENCHUPINKUNXIANGZHEN,JINXIUPEIXUNCHANGBEISHANGJIBUMENHULVE,YUQUNZHONGDAJIAODAOCHANGDEBUDAOZUNZHONG,JIATINGBULIJIE,WEIHUNDE“HUNLIANNAN”,YIHUNDE“XIANGJUNAN”“DAIWANAN”“FUYANGLAORENNAN”,XUDUOQINGNIANGONGWUYUANSHENXINPIBEI、XINSHENBUWEN。JIEDIAO、CHOUDIAO、GENBANXUEXIJINCHENGHUOLINXUANJINRUXIANYISHANGDANGZHENGJIGUANCHENGWEILIKAIXIANGZHENDEMUBIAOXUANXIANG。XIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANLIUSHIGUOKUAI、ZAIBIANBUZAIGANGWENTIJIAOWEITUCHU。

            星力打鱼平台   GENJUDIAOCHAWENJUANQINGKUANGLAIKAN,DADUOSHURENZUIGUANXINDESHIZISHENWENTI,ZHEISHISIXIANGJIAOLVCHANSHENGDEZUIDAYOUYIN。ZHIYOUSHAOSHURENTANDAOGUANXINLAOBAIXINGJIKU、MINSHENGHEWEIMINFUWU,LINGRENSHIFENYIHAN。[1]XIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANZHENGQUEJIAZHIGUANZAIQUELIKEBURONGHUAN。[7]

              (二)组织体制因素

            星力打鱼平台   PINKUNDIQUZHENGCHUYUFUZHONGPAPODEGUANJIANQI,YIFANGMIANYAOJIEJUEJISHOUDE“LAOWENTI”,YOUYAOZUOHAOXINSHIDAI“XINDAJUAN”。QINGNIANRENZILIQIAN,ZHANGWOXINJISHUJIAODUO,YADANCHAOZAI、JIAOSECHONGTU、GUANXIAOSHIDUO、QUANXIAOZEDA,ZAILVZEFANGMIANCUNZAITUCHUDETIZHIWENTI。

              YISHIZHIZEBUQING,RENWUFANZHONG。ZAI“CENGCENGCHUANDAO”DE“YALIXING”TIZHIXIA[8],XIANGZHEN“YIGENZHEN”CHUANQILESHANGMIAN“QIANTIAOXIAN”,QINGNIANGONGWUYUANWANGWANGSHOUDANGQICHONG,CHENGDANZHEDALIANGFANZA、SUOSUIDEGONGZUO,JIYAOGUANTIANWENDILI,YOUYAOGUANJIMAOSUANPI。[9]JIABANAOYELIANZHOUZHUANWANCHENGLINGDAOSUISHIBUZHIANPAIDEJINJIRENWUYISHICHANGTAI,JIEJIARIYEYAOSHOUJI24XIAOSHIKAIJI,SUISHIDAIMING,JINGSHENCHUYUGAODUJINZHANGZHUANGTAI。89%DESHOUFANGDUIXIANGJIZHONGFANYING,QINGNIANGONGWUYUANZHIZEJIEDINGBUQING,GEGESHENJIANSHUSHIZHI,SHIDUOZHONGJIAOSE、DUOXIANGGANGWEIDEFUHETIJIDIEJIAZERENDEDANDANGZHE,JI“CHAOFUHE”,YOUWUFAJIAYUDEKUNJINGDAOZHIJINGSHENSHANGDEHUANGHU。[10]

              ERSHIZHIQUANQUESHI,ZERENGAOXUAN。SHANGJIBUMENYIWEIDIJIANGRENWUXIANGXIANGZHENYA,GONGZUOXIANGXIANGZHENJIAO,DANQIPEITAODEXINGZHENGZHIQUANDENGMEIYOUJISHIGENSHANG,XIANGZHENZHIZERENWUDUODA230DUOXIANG,ERYIZEDINGQUANQUANZEYIZHIDETIZHIQUESHI。SUIZHEXIANGZHENXINGZHENGZHIFAQUAN、SHENPIQUANHECAIQUANDENGZAISHANGSHOUERSHIQUANZHUJIXIAYI,CHENGXIANCHUQUANLIZAIBIANXIAO、LVZHIZERENZAIBIANDADEFEIDUICHENGGUANXI,WUQUANLIYOUWUNENGLIQULUOSHI,RENWUWANBUCHENGJIU“GUAHUZI”,CHULEWENTIJIU“ZHAIMAOZI”。[11]YIXIEKAOHEPAIMING、YIPIAOFOUJUEDENG“LIJIANGAOXUAN”DEWENZEYALI,SHIQINGNIANGONGWUYUANCHANSHENG“CHENGHUANGCHENGKONG”DEJIAOLVZHENG。

            星力打鱼平台   SANSHIYONGFEISUOXUE,NENGLIKONGHUANG。39.4%DESHOUFANGDUIXIANGRENWEIZIJISUOXUEZHUANYEYUSHIJIGONGZUOTUOJIE,YINQUEFASHEHUIGONGGONGSHIWUDEGUANLIJINGYANHEZHUANYESUYANG,GONGZUOZHUABUZHUYAOHAI,LUOSHIZHONGPAOPIANBIANXING,SHIBEIGONGBAN。DANDANGZUOWEIYOUYUANWANGMEINENGLI,YOUXIANGFAMEIBANFA,XINYOUYUERLIBUZU,ZHISHIJIEGOUHESHIJIANNENGLIBUPIPEI,NENGLIDETIGAOWANQUANKAOZIJIZAISHIJIANZHONGDE“MOPAGUNDA”。QINGNIANGONGWUYUANZUIXIWANGDEDAOTISHENGDEJINENGPAIZAISHOUWEIDESHI“YUQUNZHONGDAJIAODAODEFANGSHIFANGFA”,ZUOQUNZHONGGONGZUOBENLINGBUZUCHENGWEIMUQIANZUIDADENENGLIDUANBAN。

              (三)组织制度因素

              ZHIDUCENGMIANYINGXIANGXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJIAOLVYINSU。CHUYUDIDUANDEXIANGZHENDANWEI,SHIYULAOBAIXINGZUIZHIJIEJIECHUDEYIJI,YESHIFULIDAIYUZUICHADEYIJI。SUIRANJINGCHANGJIABANAOYE,DANBINGMEIYOUJIABANFEIHEGONGZUOBUTIE,XINCHOUZHIDUQIANGONGPING,JINSHENGZHIDUYOUSHIGONGZHENG。

              YISHISHOURUYUFUCHUBUDUIDENG,XINCHOUZHIDUQIANGONGPING。“YANGGUANGGONGZI”ZHIDUBINGMEIKAOLIANGDIQUJIANJINGJIFAZHANSHUIPINGCHAYIHEGETIZAINENGLIHESHIJIFANGMIANDECHAJU。SUIRANJINNIANPINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANSHOURUYOUSUOTIGAO,DANGONGZIZONGXIANGBIPUBIANDIYUXIANYISHANGDANGZHENGJIGUAN,HENGXIANGBIGENGDIYULINJINDESUBEI、LUNANXIANGZHEN,ZAIANHUIYESHIPAIMINGKAOHOU,SHOURUDABUDAOQINGNIANGONGWUYUANDEXINLIYUQI,CHANSHENGXIANGDUIBODUOGAN。[12]GONGZIDAIYUGUODICHANSHENGTAIBUQITOUDEZIBEIJIAOLVQINGJIE。

            星力打鱼平台   ERSHIJINSHENGQUDAODANYI,“TIANHUABAN”XIANXIANGJIAOWEITUCHU。JIEZHI2017NIAN12YUE,SUZHOUSHIXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANZHONG,ZHENGKEJIGANBUZHAN1.39%,JINSHENGNIANXIANPINGJUN11.79NIAN;FUKEJIGANBUZHAN20.20%,JINSHENGNIANXIANPINGJUN6.69NIAN;KEYUANJIYIXIAZHAN78.41%。QUANRIZHIJIAOYUXUELIYANJIUSHENG41RENZHONGFUKEJIN5REN,ZHAN12.20%。TONGJISHUJUXIANSHI,XIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANZOUSHANGKEJIGANGWEIBILIMINGXIANDIYU、JINSHENGSUDUPUBIANMANYUSHIZHIJIGUAN,XIANGZHENDANGZHENGBANZICHENGYUANDADOUTOUDINGZHENGKEJI“TIANHUABAN”,YIBANGANBUDUOWEIZHANGJIUDE“FUKEBING”。[5]MUQIAN,QUANSHI37SUIYIXIACHUJILINGDAOGANBU13REN,YOUXIANGZHENGONGZUOJINGLIDEJIN1REN,XI2012NIANGONGKAIXUANBACONGFUZHENZHANGKAOLUSHIZHIFUCHUJIZHIWEI,ZHEICONGYIGECEMIANFANYINGCHUXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANZHENGCHANGJINSHENGCHUJILINGDAOGANGWEIDEKENENGXINGJIDI。ZHIWU“SHANGBUQU”SHIXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANDEZUIDAKUMEN。[13]

              SANSHIXUANRENYONGRENBUGONGYIRANCUNZAI,ZHIDUSHANGQUEFAJINSHENGZHIJIDIAODONGDEGUIFAN。LUNNIANZIPAIWEIZHIDEXINGDONGLUOJIRENGBAOYOUSHENGCUNKONGJIAN[13],XUANRENYONGRENSHANGDEZHIDUXINGPINGJING,GONGKAIXUANBAHEJINGZHENGSHANGGANGHAICUNZAIKANGUANXI、WEIQUNDAIDENGYINXINGCAOZUO。XIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJINSHENGSHOUDAOTOUMINGDU、CHENGXUHUAHEQIANGUIZEDENGHENDUOBUKEKONGYINSUYINGXIANG,JINSHENGDEBUQUEDINGXINGYIRANHENQIANG,CHANGHUICHANSHENGDUIZIJIDEMINGYUNWUCONGBAWODEMIMANGJIAOLV。[8]

              (四)组织环境因素

            星力打鱼平台   PINKUNDIQUQINGNIANGONGWUYUANMIANLINZUZHIHUANJINGDAOZHIDEJIAOLVQINGXU。67.16%SHOUFANGZHERENWEIMIANLINZHEYULINGDAO、TONGSHI、CUNGANBU、QUNZHONGRENJIGUANXIXIEDIAODENANTI。[12]

            星力打鱼平台   YISHICHULITONGSHIZHIJIANGUANXISHIGANDAOJIAOLV。YOUYUXIANGHUJIANCUNYOUCUOZONGFUZADEGUANXI,SHIKEBAOCHIZHEMINGANJIEBEIXINLI,JIANSHENMERENSHUOSHENMEHUA,XINGCHENGYIZHONGNIUQU、WEIMIAODERENJIFENWEIHELINGRENZHIXIDEJIAOJIHUANJING。YULAOTONGZHIJIANCUNZAIMINGXIANDAIJIGEHE,GONGZUOGUANNIANHEGONGZUOFANGFACHAYIHENDA。[1]JISHICHANSHENGXINLIWENTI,YEJUEBUHUIZAITONGSHIMIANQIANCHANGKAIXINFEI。JIUERJIUZHI,NEIXINDEFANZAOZHUANHUAWEIHUAIPIQI,HUIBUJINGYILIULUCHU。

            星力打鱼平台   ERSHIJIAOSHAOYUXIANGZHENLINGDAOJIAOLIU。HENSHAOTICHUJIANYI,DANXINLINGDAOBUJIESHOU,YEHAIPATONGSHIMENSHUOSANDAOSI。[10]ERXIANGZHENLINGDAODUIQINGNIANGONGWUYUANANPAIRENWUDUO,TANXINJIAOLIUSHAO,GUANXINZHICHIBUGOU,ZHISHITAMENGANSHOUBUDAOZUZHIDEGUANHUAIHE“DAJIATING”DEWENNUAN。YULINGDAOGOUTONGJIAOLIUDESHAO,XINXIJIAOLIUSHOUDAOZUZHI,DANGGONGZUOSHOUCUOBEILINGDAOKEZEHOU,ZIZEHESHIWANG,HUICHANSHENGXINLIKUAIYAOBENGKUIDETONGKU。

            星力打鱼平台   SANSHIGANQUNGUANXIJINZHANG。PINKUNDIQUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANZHIHOU,XINXIBISAI,QUNZHONGSIXIANGGUANNIANLUOHOU。SHAOSHUQUNZHONGQIONGLIHENG,BUJIANGDAOLIHEFAZHI,HUITICHUYIXIEWULIYAOQIU,SHENZHIBIAOXIANCHUGUOJIXINGWEI。QINGNIANGONGWUYUANPASHIBUGANYINGDUI,CHANGCHANGZUODUOYOUSHAN,TONGCHANGCHENGWEISHAOSHUQUNZHONGXIESIFENDE“CHUQITONG”HE“JIANYAFA”。JIAFUZHEJIAOZHONGDESIXIANGBAOFUHEJINGSHENYALIDEQINGNIANGONGWUYUANSHENXIANSHOURENZHIZEMANMAMEIYOUMIANZIHESHEHUIDIWEIDIXIADEJIAOLVKUMENZHONG。

              三、纾解贫困地区乡镇青年公务员焦虑困境的机制策略

              XIJINPINGTONGZHIZAIQUANGUOZUZHIGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHICHU:GEJIDANGWEIYAOBAGUANXINNIANQINGGANBUJIANKANGCHENGZHANGZUOWEIYIBURONGCIDEZHENGZHIZEREN。CONGZUZHISHIYUKAN,GEJIZUZHIYAOCHUANGXINJIANLIGANBU“XUANZHUN、PEIYOU、GUANHAO、YONGHUO”DEZHICHIJIZHI,SHIXIANZHENGZHISHANGJILI、GONGZUOSHANGZHICHI、DAIYUSHANGBAOZHANG、XINLISHANGGUANHUAI,ZHENZHENGRANGPINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANGANDAOYOUPANTOU、YOUGANJING。SHUJIETAMENDUIJIDELIYIHERENSHENGLIXIANGDENGFANGMIANDEJIAOLV。[14]DAZAOYIZHIYOUXINNIAN、YOUXINYANG、SHULIANGCHONGZU、JIEGOUHELI、ZHUANYEPIPEI、DANDANGYOUWEIDEXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANDUIWU。

              (一)建立“选准”的择优机制,拓宽来源及结构优化

              1. 改进乡镇公务员考录办法。

              CONGPINKUNDIQUZHAOBUDAO、LIUBUZHUYOUXIUDAXUEBIYESHENGDE“MATAIXIAOYING”FENXI,JIAQIANGDINGCENGSHEJI,YOUHUA“KONGJIANBUJU”。SHIXINGXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANBISHISHIJIANQUANGUOTONGYI、SHENG(SHI)ZIXINGZUZHI,BIMIANCHUXIAN“KAOSHIZHUANYEHU”。GULIPINKUNDIQUDAXUEBIYESHENGHUIYUANJIBAOKAO,SHIDANGSHEDINGHUJITIAOJIAN,YONGHAOHUIJIAXIANGDE“YONGJIUPAI”RENCAI。YANJINTONGJIJIGUANKUAQUYULINXUANGONGWUYUAN,JIANSHAOFADADIQUDUIPINKUNDIQURENCAI“QIAJIAN”。

              2. 打破公务员调任壁垒障碍。

            星力打鱼平台   YIFANGMIANYAODAPOSHENFENJIEXIAN,KEXUESHEDINGTIAOJIAN,JIANQUANSHIYEBIANZHIRENYUANDIAORENXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANDEYONGRENJIZHI;LINGYIFANGMIANLUOSHIBUWEINIANLING、BUWEIXUELIDEYAOQIU,TANSUOCONGXIANGCUNQIYEJIARENCAI、TUIWUSHIGUAN、YOUXIUHUIXIANGQINGNIANZHONGXUANBAXIANGZHENGONGWUYUAN,DUILANZHENG、DUOZHENGDEGONGWUYUANXINGCHENGDAOBIJIZHI,ZHIZAOYIDINGYALICUSHIQIJIJICONGZHENG。

              3. 加大选调生工作力度。

              JIANLIJILIXUANDIAOSHENGDAOPINKUNDIQUGONGZUODEZHANGXIAOJIZHIHEZHENGCECUOSHI。ZENGJIAXUANDIAOSHULIANG,BAOZHENGPINKUNDIQUMEINIANXUANDIAODEYINGJIEYOUXIUDAXUEBIYESHENGBUDIYUBENNIANDUGONGWUYUANKAOLUJIHUADE10%。YOUXIANXUANDIAOZHONGDIANGAOXIAOHEJINQUEZHUANYEDEYOUXIUBIYESHENG,BINGBANENGFOUSHIYINGJICENGHUANJINGZUOWEIBIYAOTIAOJIAN,RANGXUANDIAOSHENGZONGHESUYANGJIEGOUGENGQIHEPINKUNDIQUFAZHANXUYAO。

              4. 探索实行“编制周转池”。

            星力打鱼平台   YIXIANWEIDANWEI,NACHUBIANZHIZONGSHUDE5%ZUOYOUGONGXIANGZHEN“ZHOUZHUAN”,ZHUANMENYONGYUPEIYANGXUANDIAOSHENGDENGHOUBEILILIANG,HUANJIE“KONGXINHUA”XIANXIANG,SHIXIANGZHENZAIYOUXIAOLVXINGZHINENG、FUWUQUNZHONGDETONGSHI,GENGHAODICHENGDANWEIDANGHEGUOJIAPEIYANGDUANLIANGANBURENCAIDEGONGNENG。

              (二)建立“培优”的成长机制,补钙壮骨及递进历练

              1. 教育培训“补钙”。

            星力打鱼平台   JIAQIANGCHURENPEIXUN、RENZHIPEIXUN,QIANGHUALIXIANGXINNIANZONGZHIJIAOYU,ZENGQIANGXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANGUGENSHOUHUN、ZHAGENANXINDEDINGLI。TONGGUO“SONGJIAOJINXIANG”、XUNHUIXUANJIANGHELINGDAOGANBU“JIANGSHOU”DENGXINGSHI,YOUZHIPEIXUNZIYUANXIANGXIANGZHENYANSHEN。SHISHI《PEIXUNLIANGHUAKAOHEBANFA》,JIANLISHUXUEPINGXUEKAOXUEZHIDU,DUCUQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJINGSHEN“BUGAI”、ZHISHI“BUQUE”、JINGYAN“BUMANG”HENENGLI“BURUO”,TIGAOHUAJIEMAODUN、TUIDONGGONGZUODENENGLI。

              2. 一线实战“炼钢”。

              JIANCHIJICENGCHENGZHANGDAOXIANG,TONGGUODINGGANGYADAN、DUOGANGLUNHUANDENGXINGSHI,DUIZONGHESUZHIHAO、YOUPEIYANGQIANTUDEQINGNIANGONGWUYUAN,DUOFANGDAO“CHIJING”DEGANGWEI、JIANKUDEDIFANG,CANYUTUOPINGONGJIAN、XIANGCUNZHENXING、HUANJINGBAOHUDENGZHONGXINGONGZUO,TISHENGQIZUZHIDONGYUAN、CHULISHIJIWENTI、HUAJIEFUZAMAODUNDENENGLI。JIAQIANGGUOCHENGKAOHE,DAOBIGANBUCHENXIAQU、RONGJINQU,YISHENTU、LIANGJIAONI,RANGQINGNIANGANBU“BAILIANCHENGGANG”。

              3. 异地交流“打铁”。

              TANSUOZAIXIANJINFADADIQUYULUOHOUPINKUNDIQUJIANYIDIJIAOLIUGUAZHIXUEXIDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHIDEDATIEDUANLIANJIZHI,RUXUANPAIDIYISHUJI、ZHUCUNGONGZUOZUDENGZUOWEIMOLIANPEIYANGPINGTAI,YICILAITIGAOPINKUNDIQUQINGNIANGONGWUYUANDEZONGHESUZHI,BIMIANYINNENGLIKONGHUANGYINQIDEXINLIJIAOLV。

              4. 压实责任“育苗”。

            星力打鱼平台   TONGCHOUXUANYUGUANYONG,YOUHUACHENGZHANGLUJING。JIANLI“DAOSHI”ZHI,XIANGZHENDANGZHENGZHENGZHIDAITOULIANXI,WEIMEIWEIXINLUYONGGONGWUYUANZHIDINGYIMING“DAOSHI”,PEIYANGQI3NIAN,MINGQUECHUANBANGDAIZHIZE,BANGZHUTAMENSHUXIQINGKUANG、RONGRUJICENG,TIGAOQUNZHONGGONGZUOBENLING。WANSHANFAXIANCHUBEI、PEIYANGDUANLIAN、XUANBASHIYONGHEGUANLIJIANDUDEQUANLIANTIAOJIZHI,ZHUZHONG“JINGZHUNDIGUAN”,JIANLI“CHENGZHANGDANGAN”,SHISHIGENZONGPEIYANG,BAOZHENGSHIYONGSHANGYOUTIDUI、XUANZESHANGYOUKONGJIAN。

              (三)建立“管好”的监督机制,规范有序及精准有效

              1. 推动乡镇工作规范化。

              GOUJIANYIZEDINGQUANDEGUIFANHUAGUANLIJIZHI,TUIJINXIANGZHENZHILITIXIYUNENGLIXIANDAIHUA。FUYUXIANGZHENZIYUAN、FUWU、GUANLIDENGQUANLI,JIEJUEHAOXIANGZHEN“QUANLIYUZEREN”DUIDENG。YANJINJIAJIE“SHUDIGUANLI”JIANGZERENZHUANJIAJIXIANGZHEN。YANKONG“YIPIAOFOUJUE”SHIXIANG,CHUZHONGYANG、SHENGWEISHENGZHENGFUQUEDINGDEWAI,GEJIDANGWEI、ZHENGFUDENGYILVBUDEZENGSHEHUOBIANXINGSHEZHI“YIPIAOFOUJUE”SHIXIANG,QIESHIWEIXIANGZHENJIANFU、JIEYA、SONGBANG。

              2. 推动绩效考核精准化。

              GENJUBUTONGXIANGZHENLEIXING,ZHENDUIBUTONGCENGCI、BUTONGGANGWEI,JINXINGFENLEIKAOHE、LIANGHUAPINGFEN。TUCHUZHENGZHIKAOHE、ZUOFENGKAOHE、SHIJIKAOHE,WANSHANKAOHEBANFA,CHONGFENYUNYONGKAOPINGJIEGUO,ZHENZHENGYUGANBUSHIYONG、PINGXIAN、JIANGLI、ZHIYONG、WENZEDENGGUAGOU,ZUODAOSUZHIYOULIE、GONGZUOHAOHUAIYOUKAOHE、YOUSHUOFA、YOUZUOFA,FANGDAJILIXIAOYING。

              3. 推动组织生活长效化。

              YIJICENGFUWUXINGDANGZUZHIJIANSHEDENGWEIZAITI,YANGE“SANHUIYIKE”DENGZHIDU,JIAOYUYINDAOXIANGZHENQINGNIANGANBUCHIXUJIAQIANGDANGXINGDUANLIAN,BUDUANJIFAZHAGENJICENG、FUWUQUNZHONGDENEISHENGDONGLI。JIANQUANXIANGZHENGANBUMIQIELIANXIQUNZHONGZHIDU,BANGZHUTAMENPEIYANGLIANGHAOCONGZHENGDAODE,YANGCHENGGUOYINGZUOFENG。

              4. 推动监督管理常态化。

              YANGEJIANDUZHIXINGXINLUYONGXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANZUIDIFUWUNIANXIAN,YIBANBUDEJIEDIAO,YINGONGZUOTESHUXUYAODUANQIJIEDIAODEYINGSHIQIANZHENGDETONGYI,YUANZESHANGBUDEYUEJIJIEDIAO,JIEDIAOSHIJIANBUDECHAOGUOBANNIAN。JIAQIANGXUANDIAOSHENGRICHANGGUANLIJIANDU,BUGAODAIYUTESHUHUA,BUSHECHENGZHANGLUXIANTU,FANGZHIXUANDIAODANWEIKANBUJIANGUANBUDAO,SUOZAIDIFANGAIYUQINGMIANBUYUANGUANBUGANGUAN,FANGZHIXUANDIAOSHENGCUNZAI“DUJIN”“ZUOKE”XINLI,BAOZHENGDUANLIANSHIJIANHEXIAOGUO。

              (四)建立“用活”的激励机制,内生激励与关心厚爱

              1. 拓宽成长进步晋升机制。

              YONGRENDAOXIANGSHIZUIZHONGYAO、ZUIGENBEN、YEZUIGUANYONGDENEISHENGJILI。XIANGZHENHEXIANZHIJIGUANLINGDAOGANBUCHUXIANKONGQUESHI,YOUXIANCONGJUYOUXIANGZHENGONGZUOJINGLIDEGANBUZHONGXUANBA;XUANBAXIANJIDANGZHENGLINGDAOBANZICHENGYUAN,YOUXIANKAOLVJUYOUXIANGZHENDANGZHENGZHENGZHIJINGLIDEGANBU。QUEBAOCONGXIANGZHENCHENGZHANGQILAIDEGANBUZAIXIANLINGDAOBANZIZHONGZHANJUYIDINGXIWEI[14],RANGGANDEHAODEXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANJINSHENGYOUJIHUI、YOUCHULU。

              2. 实施薪酬动态增补机制。

              ZHIDINGGONGZIDAIYUXIANGPINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENQINGXIEDEJUTIBANFA,JIADAXINCHOUDONGTAIBUTIELIDU,JIANQUANJINTIEZHENGCHANGZENGZHANGJIZHI,SHIXINGSHENG(SHI)JITONGCHOU,BAOZHENGPINKUNDIQUXIANGZHENGONGWUYUANXINCHOUBUDIYUQUANSHENGTONGJIGONGWUYUANPINGJUNSHUIPING。WANSHANZHIWUZHIJIBINGXINGDESHUANGTIZHIDU。[15]JIANYIZHIDINGCHUGENGWEIKUANSONGKEXINGDEJICENGGONGWUYUANFEILINGDAOZHIWUJINSHENGBANFA,SHIGUANGDAJICENGGONGWUYUANZAINENGJINJIDESHIHOU,GENGNENGXIANGSHOUJINZHIDEXIYUE。ZAIXIANGZHENGONGZUOMAN30NIANHUODANRENXIANGZHENLINGDAOZHIWUMAN20NIANDEGONGWUYUAN,ZAIQITUIXIUSHI,JIYUTIGAOTUIXIUGONGZIDAIYUHUOZHEYICIXINGJIANGLI。

              3. 完善积分考核机制。

            星力打鱼平台   TANSUOJIANLIGONGWUYUANFUWUJICENGJIFENZHI,WANSHANKAOHEDUIXIANGDEQUFENDU、KAOHEZHIBIAODEKEXUEDUJIKAOHEJIXIAODESHIYONGDUBINGFUYUXIANGYINGFENZHI。JIFENYONGYUTONGDENGTIAOJIANXIAYOUXIANJINZHIJINJI、LINXUAN、ZINVZAICHENGSHIRUXUEDENG,SHIXIANGZHENCHENGWEIYOUXIUQINGNIANGANBUDE“XUSHUICHI”。

              4. 建立关怀关爱机制。

            星力打鱼平台   TANSUOJIANLIRENWENGUANHUAIZHIDU,SHIKEGUANZHUQINGNIANGONGWUYUANDEJIAOLVQINGXU。JIANLIRICHANGTANXINTANHUAJIZHIYUFENGUANLINGDAOJIAFANGBANGLIANJIZHI,DUIBIAOXIANTUCHU、QUDECHENGJIDEYAOJISHIBIAOYANG、MIANLI,YUDAOSIXIANGWENTI、SHIJIKUNNANDEJISHILISHUNQINGXU、PAIYOUJIENAN,DUISHENGHUOKUNNANDEJIYUSHIDANGBUZHU,RANGXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANZHENQIEGANSHOUDAOZUZHIWENNUAN。XINGCHENGGUANAIBANGFUDECHANGTAIHUAJIZHI,RANGYOUJIAOLVWENTIDEXIANGZHENQINGNIANGONGWUYUANNENGJISHIDEDAOZUZHIWEIJIE,SHIGONGZUOZAIXIANGZHENDEQINGNIANGONGWUYUANANSHEN、ANXIN、ANYE。

              参考文献

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              [2]史克学,张喜琴.沟通人生现代人际交往艺术[M].北京:中国国际广播出版社,2003:57-58.
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              [5]赵晨.乡镇干部的现实困境及其压力纾解[J].长江论坛,2017(06):83-87.
              [6]张楠楠等.归因理论视域下乡镇青年公务员职业倦怠研究[J].安徽工程大学学报,2017(03):15-16.
              [7]宋圭武.目前国人焦虑原因分析[J].社科纵横,2018(01):106-108.
              [8]周业柱.安徽省乡镇公务员队伍建设存在的问题与对策[J].安徽行政学院学报,2015(06):14-19.
              [9]刘黄娟.转型期我国基层公务员心理障碍分析及其干预机制构建——基于湖北省麻城市调研数据分析[D].杭州:浙江财经大学,2013.
              [10]李倩.基层青年公务员职业现状与管理机制设计——以开封市Y区为例[D].开封:河南大学,2017.
              [11]曹雪彦.新时代年轻公务员思想动态调查研究[J].山西经济管理干部学院学报,2015(04):17-21.
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              房建.贫困地区乡镇青年公务员焦虑纾解的机制策略[J].山东青年政治学院学报,2020,36(01):54-59.
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